" These … Xenos can also be used simply to assert that someone is not a member of your community, that is simply foreigner and with no implication of reciprocity or relationship. General Editor. His counterpart in the Talmud is apikoros, or epicurean, who likewise denies the fundamental principal of religion (BB16b) by his abominable conduct. VII, UNDERSTANDING THE DIFFICULT WORDS OF JESUS PT. The Hebrew word most often so translated is 'oyebh, meaning perhaps literally, "one who hates"; very frequent in the Psalms, eg. Bible > Strong's > Greek > 2189 ... Usage: enmity, hostility, alienation. Click to pin the displayed definition in place. of Jerusalem, En Gedi, Caesarea, Gamla, Bet She'an, Last Days of Jesus and more. Used of men as at enmity with God by their sin. Tap on the underlined Bible text in the verses on this page (as shown below). The third is dusmenis which means one who has long been alienated and refuses to be reconciled. The most standard definition is "stranger". © 2017 QuotesCosmos ● Home ● About ● Privacy ● Terms ● Principles ● Sitemap ● Contact, And I will execute great vengeance upon them, love the Lord your God with all your heart, examples within Bible verses highlighted in yellow (follow this link to go there), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. "Enemy," "enemies," are frequent words in the Old Testament. The spirit of their law was that expressed by our Lord in His Sermon on the Mount, "Thou shalt love thy neighbor, and hate thine enemy." An ohev is “one who is hostile, an enemy or foe.” The term sane' means, “one who hates.” Zur is a “stranger, foreigner, or alien.” One Greek term, echthros, is used for each of the Hebrew words in the New Testament. NAS: And he said to them, 'An enemy has done KJV: unto them, An enemy hath done INT: he said to them an enemy a man this. The Greek word rhema. For further study, here are some books that we've found to be valuable resources. Cognate: 2189 é x thra – properly, enemy (hatred, hostility); enmity. All Caps. He wants to communicate with us not only through His written word, but also through speaking directly to us in our particular situations. Who would know from a simple reading of this passage in Matthew either in English or Greek? Jesus uses some heavy words to describe the Christian-haters: Greek echthros means "the (personal) enemy" from echtho, "to hate." The next verse states that I say unto you that whoever is angry with a brother without a cause shall be in danger of the san herding. Proverbs 25:21 (quoted by Paul, Romans 12:20). 3:7; 6:10; 7:5; 8:2; 9:3,1; 13:2, where the cry is often for deliverance from enemies. All of this is very interesting especially when one examines this in the Hebrew texts instead of the Greek. ; Romans 5:10; 11:28, etc. An approach toward this spirit had been made in the later prophets by their inclusion of the whole world under one God, who had a gracious purpose toward all, but the near statement of it we only find in In biblical literature the statement ‘there is no god’ is made by the naval, i.e. Mishnah and the Words of Jesus whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.”, “And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.”, “And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. Each Sanhedrin judges certain specific offenses and all of the laws regarding the number of judges and a specific offenses each Sanhedrin judges are listed in the tractate Sanhedrin. Another word for "enemy," found chiefly in the poetical books, is tsar, or tsar, "distresser," "straitener" (Numbers 10:9; Job 16:9; Psalms 27:2,12, the Revised Version (British and American) "adversary," etc. ); also tsarar (Esther 3:10; Psalms 8:2; 10:5 the King James Version, etc.). ), once with anthropos ("a man"), joined to echthros (Matthew 13:28). IV. Ethros means "hateful," and as a noun, "adversary, enemy, foe." All of this seems very strange and is in fact in conflict with Jewish Law that states “If one comes to kill you be first and kill him”. the morally corrupt person who, while acknowledging the existence of a creator, refused to believe that he was at all interested in the actions of his creature. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". The most standard definition is "stranger". Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Definition: Hateful (passively, odious, or actively, hostile); usually as a noun, an adversary (especially Satan). But what is a naval? "Entry for 'ENEMY'". Ancient Greek (biblical / classical) material including: Online texts (accented Greek New Testament), Shopping for printed materials, and Resources for learning and studying Ancient Greek. Information sourced from Strong's Concordance. What does the source Greek word ἐχθρός mean and how is it used in the Bible? To do so I want to take you to the Mishnah Order Nezekin and Tractate or Chapter Sanhedrin Chapter 3 Mishnah 5, which states a friend or an enemy is ineligible (to serve in a court of law). Also below are examples within Bible verses highlighted in yellow (follow this link to go there). Quotes available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In this usage it is commonly translated as "guest-friend" to distinguish it from the Greek word philos, which was used to refer to local friends and to relatives not strictly bound by xenia. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up?”, “The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.”, “The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool?”, “For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The Lord said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.”, “That we should be saved from our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us;”, “That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear,”, “But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you,”, “But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil.”, “Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you.”, “But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me.”, “For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,”, “Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.”, “And said, O full of all subtilty and all mischief, thou child of the devil, thou enemy of all righteousness, wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord?”, “For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.”, “As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sakes.”, “Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.”, “For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.”, “The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.”, “Am I therefore become your enemy, because I tell you the truth?”, “(For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ:”, “And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled”, “Yet count him not as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother.”, “But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?”, “From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.”, “Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God?